Hypoplasia : systemic factors

Hypoplasia : systemic factors
Hypoplasia of the enamel is a disorder that occurs due to the action of external agents on ameloblast function. The affected enamel presents coffee colored or brown stains, defects such as fissures or cracks, and areas of underdevelopment. Factors that can be listed as causes of enamel hypoplasia include: malnutrition, chemical factors such as tetracyclines and fluoride, metabolic disorders such as maternal diabetes or malabsorption, neurological disorders, infections and irradiation. It is interesting to note that the abnormalities may be observed in different teeth according to the stage of dental development at which the disorder occurred (23).

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