Stages of periodontal disease: moderate and severe periodontitis

Stages of periodontal disease: moderate and severe periodontitis
Although there is an extensive classification of periodontal disease (adult periodontitis, rapid advancing, juvenile periodontitis, localized, refractory, etc.), from a clinical point of view it may be divided into 4 stages of periodontal pathology: gingivitis, in which the periodontal pocket is a false pocket that is produced by hypertrophy of the gingiva; mild periodontitis, in which the periodontal bone loss is between 2 and 3 mm; moderate periodontitis, in which the loss is of 4 to 5 mm; and, finally, severe periodontitis, in which the bone loss exceeds 6 mm. As the periodontal disease advances, the bone that surrounds the teeth begins to recede. If the process is not halted in time, the interdental space of the molars is exposed to the periodontal pocket and to the oral environment, producing the so-called furcation lesion (2)(4)(41).

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