Types of periodontal pockets

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The periodontal pocket is a pathological space that develops between the tooth and the gum when this is colonized by microorganisms, initiating a host response. Periodontal pockets may increase in size due to the inflammation of the gum, in which case it is called a gingival pocket, or because the bone descends, the periodontal pocket. Likewise, it may be supraosseous if it is found above the level of the bone, or infraosseous if it is below this level. The periodontal pocket constitutes an area of difficult access for oral hygiene; calculus and bacterial plaque often accumulate in these pockets and are factors that lead to their formation (2)(4).

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